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Glossary of Automotive Terms

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Glossary of Automotive Terms

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This Glossary is a collection of general automotive terms that are not specific enough to have a topic page created for them.  Not only are there current definitions, but also terms and definitions that have fallen out of usage presented here for historical perspective.



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1-box formA categorization based on overall form design using rough rectangle volumes. In the case of the One-Box, also called a monospace or monovolume, it is a single continuous volume. Slight wedge formed front or rear are still generally placed in this category. e.g., Bus, original Ford Econoline. The equivalent French term is volume, which you will sometimes see used by the British: "1-volume form". ()
2-box formA categorization based on overall form design using rough rectangle volumes. In the case of the Two-box form, there is usually a "box" representing a separate volume from the a-pillar forward and second box making up the rest. e.g., Station Wagon, Shooting-brake, Scion xB (2006) The equivalent French term is volume, which you will sometimes see used by the British: "2-volume form". ()
3-box formA categorization based on overall form design using rough rectangle volumes. In the case of the Three-box form, there is a "box" delineating a separate volume from the a-pillar forward, a second box comprising the passenger volume, and third box comprising the trunk area — e.g., a Sedan. The equivalent French term is volume, which you will sometimes see used by the British: "3-volume form". ()
4-bolt mainA 4-bolt main refers to the number of bolts attaching the main bearing caps to the block of an internal combustion engine. Four bolt mains are considered much stronger for high performance use than a 2 bolt main. Using 4 bolts to secure the main bearing caps reduces the amount of flex within the crankshaft as compared to 2 bolts. The first car engine to use four-bolt main bearings was the V12 Maybach Zeppelin of 1928, that used them on three of its eight bearings.()
107% ruleOften used in Formula One or other racing series, it is a time which the driver must qualify the car within 107% of the polesitter's time to be allowed to compete. Variations of this may be used to monitor drivers and warn them to make the required threshold of speed or be parked (disqualified). Similarly, the IndyCar Series uses a 105% rule and NASCAR has a 115% rule, mainly for performance on track, though INDYCAR and NASCAR often adjust the rule for tracks with very abrasive surfaces (such as Atlanta Motor Speedway) where lap times can be considerably faster when a car has newer tires. ()


Other Sources

Other Definition Resources: Books
A Dictionary of Automobile Terms 1913 dictionary by The Horseless Age
English-French and French-English Dictionary of the Motor Car, Cycle, and Boat 1915 book
Automobile Nomenclature 1916 book of terminology by the Society of Automobile Engineers

Other Definition Resources: Articles
A Motor Car Lexicon. [Humor] Source: Tulsa Daily World, 25 April 1915
"PLEASURE CAR" AND "AUTO GAME" ARE BARRED BY AUTOMOBILE MEN Great Falls Daily Tribune, 11 January 1920
Hot Rod Lingo Source: Hot Rod Comics #4, August 1952
Learn to Speak Auto Designers’ Lingo Source: Anthony Fontanelle 2007


Images

688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 2 Hot Rods and Racing Cars #2, January 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 2 - 828KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 2 Hot Rods and Racing Cars #2, January 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 2 - 1.0MB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 2 Hot Rods and Racing Cars #2, January 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 2 - 909KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 3 Hot Rods and Racing Cars #3, March 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 3 - 1.0MB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 3 Hot Rods and Racing Cars #3, March 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 3 - 1.1MB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 3 Hot Rods and Racing Cars #3, March 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 3 - 888KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 4 Hot Rods and Racing Cars #4, May 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 4 - 1.0MB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 4 Hot Rods and Racing Cars #4, May 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 4 - 1.0MB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 4 Hot Rods and Racing Cars #4, May 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 4 - 982KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 6 Hot Rod Talk
Hot Rods and Racing Cars #6, September 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 6 - 941KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 6 Hot Rod Talk
Hot Rods and Racing Cars #6, September 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 6 - 1.0MB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 6 Hot Rod Talk
Hot Rods and Racing Cars #6, September 1952
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 6 - 982KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 8 Hot Rod Talk
Hot Rods and Racing Cars #8, February 1953
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 8 - 496KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 8 Hot Rod Talk
Hot Rods and Racing Cars #8, February 1953
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 8 - 506KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 10 Hot Rod Talk
Hot Rods and Racing Cars #10, June 1953
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 10 - 803KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 10 Hot Rod Talk
Hot Rods and Racing Cars #10, June 1953
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 10 - 876KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 11 Hot Rod Talk
Hot Rods and Racing Cars #11, August 1953
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 11 - 620KB
688彩票官网Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 11 Hot Rod Talk
Hot Rods and Racing Cars #11, August 1953
View Hot Rods and Racing Cars: Issue 11 - 640KB
688彩票官网Speed Demons: Issue 9 Hot Rod Talk
Speed Demons #9, January 1958
View Speed Demons: Issue 9 - 860KB


Sound Diagnostics

Words to decribe sounds that a technician might hear or use.  Words are defined by equivalent sounds.
boom  distant thunder, bass drum.
buzz  bumblebee.
chirp  shopping cart wheel squeak.
clang  banging pots.
click  computer mouse.
clunk  dropping a bowling ball on a garage floor.
creak  rusty door hinge.
grind  sharpening a knife on a stone.
growl  marbles in a metal pan.
hiss  Air escaping from a tire.
knock  knock on a (usually metal) door.
pop  like the sound an an empty metal gas can makes when the sides are flexed.
rattle  shaking a can of spray paint.
roar  waterfall.
rumble  rolling a bowling ball down the alley.
scratch  sandpaper on wood.
sizzle  water dropped on a hot pan.
squeak  gym shoes on a wood floor.
squeal  fingernails on a chalkboard.
tap  pencil (lead end) on a tabletop.
tick  clock's second hand.
twang  A large spring being spring.
whine  electric drill motor.
whistle  teakettle boiling.


Colors

Official paint color names used by manufacturers.  Marked with Interior or Exterior for usage and the vehicles it has been found on.  Note that just because two manufacturers use the same color name does not mean that the two manufacturers' colors are the same!  Color samples are from paint samples or brochure prints and scanned with a basic non-calibrated desktop scanner, and therefore should be considered estimates only for the purpose of research and not used for mixing accurate paint colors.


Anaconda Gold   1972 Pontiac Grand Prix
Arctic White   1988-1989 Buick Reatta and the 2007 Chevrolet Corvette (excluding Z06 models)
Atomic Orange Metallic Tintcoat   2007 Chevrolet Corvette
Barbados Blue Metallic   2004 Pontiac GTO
Berlina Black   2001 Acura NSX
Billet Metallic   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Black   1988-1989 Buick Reatta, 2007 Chevrolet Corvette, 2006 Ford Explorer, 2006 Ford Mustang, 2005 Lincoln Aviator, 2006 Mercury Mariner Hybrid, 2005 Saab 93 Convertible.
Black   Convertible Top, 2006 Ford Mustang
Black Raven   2006 Cadillac CTS
Blackberry   2006 Cadillac CTS
Blue Chip   2006 Cadillac CTS
Bolero Red   1955 Pontiac
Bright White   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Bronze Alloy Metallic   2017 GMC Canyon Source: brochure scan
BS Blue   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Camel   Interior, 2001 Acura NSX
Cardinal Red   1979 Chevrolet Suburban, 2017 GMC Canyon Source: GMC Canyon brochure scan
Cashmere Tri-Coat Metallic   2006 Ford Explorer
Caution Yellow   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Cayenne Red Pearl   2001 Acura Integra
Chandler Blue   1919 Chandler
Charcoal   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Charcoal Beige   2006 Mercury Mariner Hybrid
Charcoal Beige Metallic   2005 Lincoln Aviator
Charcoal Black   Interior, 2013 Ford C-Max Hybrid
Chili Red metallic   2005 Saab 93 Convertible
Claret Red Metallic   1988-1989 Buick Reatta
Clover Green Pearl   2001 Acura Integra
Colonial Yellow   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Cordova Brown   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Cosmos Purple Metallic   2004 Pontiac GTO
Crystal Red Metallic Tintcoat   2012 Chevrolet Sonic
Cyber Gray Metallic   2017 GMC Canyon Source: brochure scan
Danger Zone   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Dark Blue Pearl Metallic   2005 Lincoln Aviator and 2006 Ford Explorer
Dark Carmine Red   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Dark Charcoal Clearcoat   1993 Mercury Capri
Dark Cherry Metallic   2006 Ford Explorer
Dark Emerald Pearl   2001 Acura CL and 2001 Acura TL
Dark Pewter   Interior, 2012 Chevrolet Sonic
Dark Slate Metallic   2017 GMC Canyon Source: brochure scan
Dark Titanium   Interior, 2012 Chevrolet Sonic
Dark Violet Pearl   2001 Acura Integra
Deep Blue   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Ebony   Interior, 2001 Acura CL, 2001 Acura Integra, 2001 Acura RL, 2001 Acura TL and the 2006 Cadillac CTS
Fast Track Grey   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Fern   2001 Acura TL
Firepepper Red Pearl   2001 Acura TL
Flamenco Black Pearl   2001 Acura Integra
Frost White   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Geared Up Grey   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Grand Prix White   2001 Acura NSX
Granite Crystal Metallic   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Graphite   Interior, 2001 Acura Integra
Hawaiian Blue   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Holly Green   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Impulse Blue Metallic   2004 Pontiac GTO
Infrared   2006 Cadillac CTS
Ingot Silver Metallic   2013 Ford Taurus
Ivory Parchment Tri-Coat   2005 Lincoln Aviator
Ivory Tri Coat Pearl   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Jazz Blue Pearl   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Laguna Green Metallic   2001 Acura TL
Laser Red   2005 Saab 93 Convertible
Le Mans Blue Metallic   2007 Chevrolet Corvette
Legend Lime Metallic   2006 Ford Mustang
Light Camel   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Light French Silk Metallic   2005 Lincoln Aviator
Light Gray   Interior, 2006 Cadillac CTS
Light Platinum   2006 Cadillac CTS
Lightning McQueen   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Lime Yellow metallic   2005 Saab 93 Convertible
Machine Silver Metallic   2007 Chevrolet Corvette
Making Tracks   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Mariner Blue   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Midnight Black   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Milano Red   2001 Acura Integra
Mineral Grey Metallic   2006 Ford Explorer, 2013 Ford Edge
Mineral Metallic   2017 GMC Canyon Source: brochure scan
Mineral Stone Metallic   2006 Ford Explorer
Monaco Blue Pearl   2001 Acura NSX
Monsoon Gray metallic   2013 Audi A4 allroad
Monterey Blue Pearl   2001 Acura CL, 2001 Acura RL and 2001 Acura TL
Monterey Red Metallic Tintcoat   2007 Chevrolet Corvette excluding Z06 models
Mystic Silver   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Naples Gold Metallic   2001 Acura CL, 2001 Acura RL and 2001 Acura TL
New Formula Red   2001 Acura NSX
Nighthawk Black Pearl   2001 Acura CL, 2001 Acura RL and 2001 Acura TL
Nightvision   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Nocturne Blue metallic   2005 Saab 93 Convertible
Onyx   Interior, 2001 Acura NSX
Onyx Black   2017 GMC Canyon Source: brochure scan
Oxford White   
2006 Ford Explorer and 2005 Lincoln Aviator
Parchment   Interior, 2001 Acura CL, 2001 Acura Integra, 2001 Acura RL, and 2001 Acura TL
Parchment   Convertible Top, 2006 Ford Mustang
Parchment Silver metallic   2005 Saab 93 Convertible
Performance White   2006 Ford Mustang
Pewter Gray Metallic   1988-1989 Buick Reatta
Phantom Black Metallic   2004 Pontiac GTO
Phantom Black Tri Coat Pearl   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Pine Green   1973 Suzuki RV-125K
Piston Cup Blue   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Pitch Black   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Premium White Pearl   2001 Acura RL
Pueblo Gold Metallic   2006 Ford Explorer
Quartz   Interior, 2001 Acura RL
Quicksilver Metallic   2004 Pontiac GTO, 2017 GMC Canyon Source: GMC Canyon brochure scan
Radiant Bronze   2006 Cadillac CTS
Rally Blue   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Red Quartz Tintcoat   2017 GMC Canyon Source: brochure scan
Rave Red   2010 Mitsubishi Galant
Raven Black   1955 Pontiac
Redfire Metallic   2006 Ford Explorer and 2006 Ford Mustang
Redline Tri Coat Pearl   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Ruby Red Metallic Tinted   2013 Ford C-Max Hybrid
Ruby Red Pearl   2001 Acura RL
San Marino Red   2001 Acura CL
Sand Storm   2006 Cadillac CTS
Santa Fe Tan   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Sapphire Blue Firemist   1988-1989 Buick Reatta
Satellite Silver   2006 Mercury Mariner Hybrid
Satin Silver Metallic   2001 Acura CL, 2001 Acura TL and the 2006 Ford Mustang
Screaming Yellow   2006 Ford Mustang
Sebring Silver Metallic   1997 Chevrolet Camaro SS and the 2001 Acura RL
Shamrock Green   1979 Chevrolet Suburban
Silver   2006 Mercury Mariner Hybrid
Silver Birch Metallic   2006 Ford Explorer and 2005 Lincoln Aviator
Silver metallic   2005 Saab 93 Convertible
Silver Smoke   2006 Cadillac CTS
Silverstone Metallic   2001 Acura NSX
Somoa Orange Metallic   2013 Audi TT
Spa Yellow Pearl   2001 Acura NSX
Stealth Gray   2006 Cadillac CTS
Steel Gray metallic   2005 Saab 93 Convertible
Sterling Silver Metallic   1988-1989 Buick Reatta
Stormy Blue Mica   2010 Mazda CX-7
Sublime Green   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Summit White   2017 GMC Canyon Source: brochure scan, 2017 Chevrolet Silverado
Sundance Gold Metallic   2001 Acura CL
Taffeta White   2001 Acura CL, 2001 Acura Integra and 2001 Acura TL
Taillight   Glidden/Disney Cars interior house paint Source: scan of paint chip
Torch Red   2006 Ford Mustang
Torred   2015 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Source: online color chart
Torrid Red   2004 Pontiac GTO
Tungsten Grey Metallic   2006 Ford Mustang
Velocity Yellow Tintcoat   2007 Chevrolet Corvette
Vermont Green Pearl   2001 Acura RL
Victory Red   2007 Chevrolet Corvette
Vista Blue Metallic   2006 Ford Mustang
Vivid Red   2006 Mercury Mariner Hybrid
Vivid Red Metallic   2005 Lincoln Aviator
Vogue Silver Metallic   2001 Acura Integra
Voltage Blue Metallic   2001 Acura Integra
White Diamond   2006 Cadillac CTS
White Diamond Pearl   2001 Acura TL
Windveil Blue Metallic   2006 Ford Mustang
Yellow Jacket   2004 Pontiac GTO


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